1-407-575-5392
Menu

1031 Exchange

NEXT
PREV

1031 Exchange Rules and Requirements

1031 Exchange Rules and Requirements

The primary 1031 exchange rules and requirements include: 1) same taxpayer: the taxpayer who sells is the taxpayer who buys, 2) property identification within 45 calendar days post closing of the first property, 3) purchase of the replacement property within 180 calendar days, 4) trading up: the price of the replacement property is equal to or greater than the old or relinquished property, 5) hold time supports the intent to hold for investment, and 6) related party transaction regulations. 

1. Same Taxpayer

The tax return and name appearing on the title of the property that sells must be the tax return and titleholder that buys. A single member limited liability company (smllc) is considered a pass through to the member, consequently, the smllc may sell and the member may purchase in their individual name.

2. Property Identification 

Post closing of the first property, the Exchangor has 45 calendar days to identify to either the accommodator or the closing entity the addresses of the potential replacement properties. In a reverse exchange where either the replacement or relinquished property is parked, the Exchangor has 45 days to submit a final list of properties for sale or purchase.

  • Three property rule - can identify any three properties regardless of value.
  • Two hundred percent rule - can identify four or more properties as long as the value does not exceed 200 percent percent of the property sold.
  • 95-percent exception rule - if the value exceeds 200 percent, then 95 percent of what is identified must be purchased.

3. Replacement
Within 180 calendar days following the closing of the first property or extension of the Exchangor's tax return, the property must be purchased.


4. Trading Up  
The net market value and equity of the property sold must be equal to or greater in the replacement property to defer 100 percent of the tax. Otherwise, the Exchangor needs to pay tax on the difference. Debt and equity in the replacement property must be equal to or greater than the debt and equity in the relinquished property. Additional equity in the replacement property offsets debt. Additional debt does not offset equity. 

5. Hold Time
 

Though there is no hold time in the 1031 code, the Internal Revenue Service looks to determine whether the property was acquired immediately before the exchange. Was it purchased to fix and flip or held for productive use or investment? Time is one of many factors that supports the intent to hold for investment. The shorter the time, the more substantial the facts should be to support the intent. Additional supportive facts are whether the property is itemized on Schedule E or Schedule A. Investment properties are listed on Schedule E. Was the property rented? Does the level of personal use exceed 14 overnights per year? If so, the character may resemble a second home. 

6.  Related Party 
The term "related person" or "related party" means any person or party, including entities, that has a relationship to the taxpayer described in Section 267(b) or Section 707(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code ("IRC"), including:

  • Members of the same family (siblings, spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants);
  • Corporation where more than 50 percent of the value of the stock is owned directly or indirectly by or for one particular individual;
  • Two (2) corporations that are in the same controlled group (as defined in subsection (f);
  • A grantor and a fiduciary of any trust;
  • A fiduciary of one trust and the fiduciary and/or beneficiary of another trust where the same person is the grantor for both trusts;
  • A fiduciary of a trust and a beneficiary of the same trust;
  • Corporation where more than 50 percent of the value of the stock is owned directly or indirectly by or for one particular trust or by or for the grantor or fiduciary of the trust;
  • An organization qualified under Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code (relating to certain educational or charitable non-profit organizations) which is controlled directly or indirectly by a specific person or (if such person is an individual) by members of the family of such individual;
  • A corporation and a partnership if the same person or persons own:An S corporation and another S corporation or a C corporation if the same person or persons own more than 50 percent in value of the outstanding stock of each corporation;
    • more than 50 percent in value of the outstanding stock of the corporation, and
    • more than 50 percent of the capital interest, or the profits interest, in the partnership;
  • A partnership and a person owning, directly or indirectly, more than a 50-percent capital interest or a 50-percent profits interest, in such partnership;
  • Two partnerships in which the same person or persons own, directly or indirectly, more than a 50-percent capital interest or a 50-percent profits interest, in both partnerships;
  • An executor of an estate and the beneficiaries of the estate.

A testamentary trust created by a husband and an inter vivos generation skipping trust created by a wife are not related persons because the trusts did not have the same grantor per Private Letter Ruling 9224008. Investors may be able to eliminate related party transaction issues by changing the ownership of the related party such as transferring or disposing of interests in a partnership or shares in a corporation to an unrelated third-party in order to get the related party's ownership interest below the 50-percent level.

It appears that the constructive ownership rules under Section 267(c) of the Internal Revenue Code apply in determining the ownership of stock, capital interest, or profits interest.

Related Party Transactions

Related party 1031 Exchange transactions occur when you sell your relinquished property to a related party or you buy your like kind replacement property from a related party. Related party 1031 Exchanges are permitted provided you follow specific rules and guidelines issued by the Internal Revenue Service. 

If the old property is sold to a related party, the property must be held for two years before selling or the tax deferred by the 1031 exchange is due. You can purchase the replacement property from a related party, only if they are also initiating a 1031 exchange.

Related party issues can also be avoided altogether if the related party relationship is eliminated prior to structuring and completing the 1031 Exchange transaction.

Related parties include, but are not limited to, immediate family members, such as brothers, sisters, spouses, ancestors and lineal descendants. Related parties do not include stepparents, uncles, aunts, in-laws, cousins, nephews, nieces and ex-spouses.

Corporations, limited liability companies or partnerships in which more than 50% of the stock, membership interests or partnership interests, or more than 50% of the capital interests or profit interests, is owned by the taxpayer is considered to be a related party.

What Is Not Eligible?

  • Primary Residence
  • Indebtedness
  • Stocks, Bonds or Notes                                                
  • Partnership Interests
  • Inventory



All listing information is deemed reliable but not guaranteed and should be independently verified through personal inspection by appropriate professionals. Listings displayed on this website may be subject to prior sale or removal from sale; availability of any listing should always be independent verified. Listing information is provided for consumer personal, non-commercial use, solely to identify potential properties for potential purchase; all other use is strictly prohibited and may violate relevant federal and state law. The source of the listing data is as follows: My Florida Regional MLS (updated 12/12/17)

Listing Search



Translate Tool

Featured Listings
Windermere Real Estate
$3,680,000
5 BED
5.5 BATH
ONE OF THE MOST APPEALING BUTLER CHAIN PROPERTIES IN KEENES POINTE. This home''s location & view of Lake Tibet Butler i... Read More
Windermere Real Estate
$2,999,000
4 BED
4.5 BATH
Stunning new lakefront Element Custom home is ideally sited on Lake Butler of the famed Butler Chain of Lakes. This “... Read More
Windermere Real Estate
$3,195,000
4 BED
3.5 BATH
A stunning lakefront setting characterizes this lovely four-bedroom estate nestled along the shores of beautiful Lake Lo... Read More
Windermere Real Estate
$3,450,000
6 BED
6 BATH
VITA DEL LAGO rests on 1.3 acres of land, with breathtaking views of gorgeous Lake Butler. You arrive at the front of t... Read More
Windermere Real Estate
$2,995,000
6 BED
7 BATH
Priced to sell! Welcome to 2nd Avenue, Downtown Windermere’s most sought after address. Gracefully adorned by the pea... Read More
Contact Wendy Morris

407-575-5392

Wendy Morris LLC
DBA Wendy Morris Realty
Licensed in the State of Florida
BK 3146762
14832 Speer Lake Drive
Winter Garden, FL 34787

Your privacy is our utmost concern. We will never sell your personal information. Privacy Policy
©2011 -2017 windermerehomes.net - all rights reserved. | Site Map